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Where it is now > > > Test Preparation Guide >Expert authority interpretation of "2016 college entrance examination explanation"

Expert authority interpretation of "2016 college entrance examination explanation"

Release time: 2015-12-22 12:13:20 Source: unknown Editor: admin Number of visits:

[Chinese] moderate fine adjustment and steady progress

——Interpretation of the changes in the explanation of the Chinese course (Jiangsu volume) of the college entrance examination in 2016

Zhou Yu, Changzhou Institute of Educational Sciences, senior high school

The introduction to the national unified examination for enrollment of colleges and universities (Jiangsu volume) is the main basis for the proposition of the college entrance examination, and it is also of great guiding significance to the review and preparation of primary schools and teachers and students. In the part of "proposition guiding ideology", the statement which has lasted for many years has been simplified, but the basic content is still the basis and principle of the proposition, the requirement of selective examination, the subject characteristics of Chinese proposition and the value orientation of basic education. The part of "examination ability requirements" is exactly the same as before. In the part of "examination contents and requirements" which are paid special attention to by schools and teachers, there are mainly the following changes: firstly, the scope of examination has been adjusted. In the junior high school part of the ancient poetry and prose, there are still 30 articles in the table of contents, including Li Yu's "meet each other happily (speechless alone to the West Tower)" and Su Shi's "water melody song head (when the moon will be there)", while Fan Zhongyan's "Fisherman's pride (different scenery in autumn after the frontier)" and Su Shi's "jiangchengzi (old man chatting about juvenile maniac)" were not included in this year's examination. In the reading items of the famous works of liberal arts, Tagore's Poems (originally "the collection of birds") were adjusted to Guo Moruo's goddess, and the other titles were the same as last year. Secondly, the expression of individual test points has changed, which may have an impact on the proposition and test preparation. There are two main points. One is that after the "main points of inductive content" under the comprehensive requirements of ancient poetry reading and analysis, the "summary central meaning" is deleted, which makes the expression more concise and gives more space for proposition. "Content points" can refer to the main content of the text material, or it can also refer to the relatively minor content only related to the part of the text. The second is the second point of the basic level of writing, which is changed from "conforming to stylistic requirements" to "reflecting stylistic features". It is obvious that "conforming" is more comprehensive, while "embodiment" means relaxing the requirements on stylistic features. The other changes are more of the adjustment of words, the purpose of which is to make the expression concise and precise, and there is no need to go into the details. For example, point (1) of the exploration and examination of the reading part of modern literature has deleted "implied national psychology and humanistic spirit", and changed the "meaning" in "exploring the meaning of works" to "meaning". It seems that there are great changes, but the content and ability level of the examination have not changed substantially. Another example is the adjustment of the number of questions on "the use of language and characters" from 4 to 5, which is consistent with the actual proposition in the past two years. In addition, some updates have been made to the "typical question examples" according to the Convention, and the two questions in 2015 of the national volume are adopted. In 2016, the content and expression of the Chinese language examination instructions have been adjusted moderately, but the ability and intention of the proposition and the key points of the examination have not changed, which reflects the pursuit of progress in stability. When reviewing and preparing for the examination, we should accurately understand the examination instructions, change the tendency of attaching importance to knowledge rather than ability, paying more attention to examination questions than problems, paying more attention to training than to reading, and valuing conclusions over process, so as to establish a new idea oriented by ability and quality, to be concise and thoughtful, and to learn to comprehend and sum up; modern literary reading should abandon the idea and strategy of "treading on the spot" and emphasize the overall perception, so as to achieve the ideological content and expression In writing, we should strengthen thinking training, strive to improve students' understanding level, understand the basic characteristics of various styles, and pay attention to the personalized expression of emotion and rationality.  

[mathematics] explanation and review suggestions of 2016 Jiangsu college entrance examination mathematics examination

Sun Xudong, member of Nanjing Teaching Research Office (Senior Middle School)

1. Explanation interpretation: compared with 2015, the explanation of mathematics examination in Jiangsu Province in 2016 remained stable as a whole, with slight changes. "Explanation" continues to adhere to the guiding ideology of basic knowledge and methods, basic ability and comprehensive ability, application consciousness and innovation consciousness. For the content and requirements of the examination, the form of the examination and the structure of the test paper, the explanation continues the requirements of 2015, which shows that since the new curriculum reform, after practice and exploration, Jiangsu college entrance examination mathematics examination paper has formed a stable structure and distinctive style. Comparing the mathematics examinations in 2016 and 2015, it shows that the changes mainly come from "typical examples". Compared with 2015, the "typical question examples" in 2016 "instructions" have been replaced with three questions, which are the 13, 19 and 20 of the compulsory part. Among them, the 13th is the 13th in the 2014 Jiangsu college entrance examination, the 19th is the 20th in 2013, and the 20th is the 20th in 2014. From the overall analysis of "typical examples", the difficulty and structure remain stable. The specific analysis of the replacement of three questions, these three questions are difficult problems, of which 13 focuses on the idea of combination of number and shape, 19 focuses on strict mathematical reasoning ability, and 20 focuses on mathematical inquiry ability, which are consistent with the guiding ideology of the proposition in the "explanation". In other words, the difficult problems in the mathematics examination paper of college entrance examination mainly focus on comprehensive ability and innovation consciousness.  

Second, review suggestions from the "explanation", we can see that the mathematics college entrance examination is to test knowledge, test methods, test ability, test consciousness, so senior three review should pay attention to the basis of the premise, develop ability, cultivate awareness.  

1. Construct the knowledge structure and strengthen the basic knowledge and methods The training of basic knowledge and basic methods should not only be repeated and memorized, but also should be summarized and summarized to understand mathematical knowledge and their relationship from multiple perspectives. Through classification, sorting and synthesis, a systematic, orderly and networked knowledge structure system should be gradually formed, so as to find solutions and optimize the process of solving problems according to information Finally, they have a clear idea of the application of basic knowledge and skills in the examination room.  

2. In the practical operation, it is necessary to identify algorithms and improve the operation ability. The operation and solution ability is the combination of thinking ability and operation skills. It is more important to improve the ability of "thinking" before and after "calculation". Through "thinking", the direction of the operation is clear, and the result of the operation is predictable. Of course, some common methods, such as substitution and elimination, can effectively simplify the operation and improve the operation efficiency, which must be personally experienced and thought in the process of review. In the review, we should pay attention to calculation. When it comes to calculation, we must do it, calculate it, compare different algorithms, and finally improve the accuracy and speed of calculation.  

3. Experience problem-solving strategies and cultivate innovative consciousness in reflection and comparison. The process of mathematics learning is closely related to problem-solving. The improvement of mathematical ability lies not only in the quantity of problem-solving, but also in the quality of problem-solving. Through reflection, we can make clear the thinking, knowledge background and method background of solving problems; through comparison, we can make clear the starting point of general thinking and different entry points of problems, and finally achieve the goal of "doing fast problems" to "doing well problems", and really draw inferences from one instance and improve the ability to solve new problems.  

"Ability" is the first and thinking is the foundation

- Interpretation of the changes in the explanation of the 2016 college entrance examination English (Jiangsu volume)

Chen Suping, Yancheng Academy of education and science, senior middle school teacher

The explanation of the 2016 national unified entrance examination for Higher Education (Jiangsu volume) has been appropriately revised on the basis of last year's data. On the basis of maintaining the overall goal and structure unchanged, some typical examples are replaced and some word parts are added. The introduction of 2016 Jiangsu English test paper systematically and consistently reflects the characteristics of reform and innovation, as well as the positive guidance and guidance for the preparation of college entrance examination.

First, the main changes and significance of the 2016 examination instructions. After studying the 2016 English examination instructions, we can feel that they convey two key messages: one is to highlight the basic concept of "doing things in English". Examples of typical questions fill in the blanks, replacing several typical questions. The newly added examples highlight the important role of context in the process of examinees' answering, highlight the sense of the times and vitality of language use, and focus on the ability of language users and learners to complete the language tasks they may encounter and need to complete in real life according to specific conditions and specific environment. Second, pay more attention to high-level thinking skills. The presentation of written expression is based on the existing charts, pictures and text information input, and a new form of "text + chart" is added. The change of presentation mode shows that the test items of college entrance examination will pay more attention to the examination of examinees' high-level thinking ability, such as analysis, inference and evaluation, and pay more attention to the examinee's language quality, that is, thinking quality, cognitive ability and cultural quality, so as to guide the candidates out of the strange circle of mechanical examination.  

2. It is suggested that in view of these changes in the explanation of the examination in 2016, we should at least do the following points in this year's senior three English Preparation:

1. Vocabulary learning should be based on "context". In vocabulary learning, we should not only be satisfied with being familiar with a certain meaning of a word, but also understand its extended meaning in a specific context, and learn how to accurately use multiple ways to express the same meaning in a specific context.

2. Grammar review should highlight the purpose of "ideographic" review of grammar, not only to be familiar with the change of grammatical structure, but also to understand the practical significance of this structure in the context, and to achieve accurate use in language practice. That is to say, they should be able to use grammatical resources flexibly to convey information and express ideas clearly and coherently.  

3. Pay attention to "topic" in skill training The review of senior three should pay attention to the topic in the curriculum standard and teaching materials. Through the topic contact with various real language environment, practice and cultivate the skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. In addition, we should try to solve the new problems in the new situation and improve the ability to do things by using the language knowledge we have learned.  

4. The accumulation of reading and writing should focus on "critical thinking". In the review of different texts, we should not only be satisfied with the level of memorizing and understanding, but also pay attention to improving the ability of analysis, inference, evaluation and other high-level thinking, especially the training of generalization ability from the beginning to the end. For example, we should consciously analyze the basic structure, language style and writing characteristics of the reading text, try to promote the steady development of thinking ability from the low level to the high level, and improve the ability to understand and express language in the new context.  

[politics] pay attention to change, grasp the trend, and optimize the classroom

——Interpretation of the changes in the explanation of 2016 college entrance examination of Ideological and Political Science (Jiangsu volume)

Xu Yiming, senior teacher, political teaching and research group leader, Nanjing No.29 middle school

1. Pay attention to the change of examination sites

(1) changes in 2016 Jiangsu Province senior high school academic level test (elective subjects) ideological and political examination instructions compared with 2015 examination instructions, the statement of test point proposition guiding ideology is more rigorous. The changes of the specific examination sites are as follows:

1. Two new test sites were added: "the legalization process of regional ethnic autonomy in China", "China and international organizations".  

2. There are 5 change test points: "the impact of price changes on living consumption and production and operation", "investment and financial management methods such as savings, bonds, stocks, commercial insurance", "establishment of the authority of the Chinese government", "ruling by law and ruling by the Communist Party of China", "universality, objectivity and diversity of contact and connection".  

3. Delete two test points: "the organizational form of modern enterprises" and "the relationship between the people's Congress and other state organs".  

4. One merged examination site: merging "the significance of cultural innovation" and "ways of cultural innovation" into "the significance and ways of cultural innovation".  

5. Examples of typical questions changed: single choice questions 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, brief analysis questions 2, 3, 5.  

(2) according to the curriculum standards, we should adhere to the principle of stability; according to the internal logic system of teaching materials, new textbooks and changes in the situation, we should make corresponding adjustments, and adhere to the principle that there is something new in stability.  

Second, review suggestion new examination explanation is the outline of senior three review. In the later stage, we should adhere to the principle, grasp the trend and innovate the review methods. In view of the change and invariance of the examination points, we should do the following during the review:

1. Comprehensive. A round of review to do a bit clear, comprehensive and accurate grasp of basic knowledge, basic theory. For example, this year's newly added "China and international organizations" examination center, from the perspective of knowledge, highlights the common features of China's positive development of relations with international organizations. From the perspective of ability, it can guide individual research with commonness, which not only helps to accurately understand China's relations with the United Nations, WTO, EU and APEC, but also analyzes China's relations with Shanghai Cooperation Organization, ASEAN, non aligned organization, and current political situation The relationship between G20 and other international organizations. For the "double base" review requirements "steady, real", can not be replaced by examination, avoid skimming, hasty review.  

2. Focus. The second round of review focuses on grasping the core examination points and main knowledge, especially the revision of the new textbook, as well as the newly added and changed examination points. For example, this year's change in the "the Communist Party of China's rule of law, rule of law" examination point, its change is not only based on the changes in the new teaching materials, but also highlights the implementation of the spirit of "comprehensively ruling the country by law" in the fourth plenary session of the 18th Central Committee. The review of the core examination points and the main knowledge requires "precision and dexterity", and we should avoid simple and repetitive review.  

3. Systematization. It is necessary to find out the clues of metaphors in textbooks and encourage students to sort out their knowledge in the way of mind mapping. Systematic review requires "rules and principles", which are not only simple and progressive in logic, but also divergent thinking guided by problems.  

4. Fresh activation. To pay attention to the major principles and policies of the party and the government at this stage, to pay attention to social hot spots and students' life, we should not only integrate theory with practice, but also practice with theory. For example, this year's "savings, bonds, stocks, commercial insurance and other investment and financial management methods" test point, not only to compare the four investment and financial management methods, but also to combine the current political, bold analysis of funds, foreign exchange, home ownership and other investment and financial management methods. The typical feature of Jiangsu college entrance examination is that it is full of the spirit of the times. When reviewing, we should closely follow the hot spots of "socialist core values", "socialist rule of law" and "the 13th five year plan", and avoid rigid dogma review.  

5. Gridding. (1) For confusing knowledge, the similarities and differences are compared. Taking the dialectical materialist epistemology as an example, we can list and compare the three characteristics of practice. Practice is the four aspects of the basis of cognition, the three attributes of truth, the repeatability, infinity and rising of the development of cognition, consciousness and knowledge, and knowledge and truth. (2) The knowledge that needs to be classified should be gridded. For example, the basic viewpoints and methodology of Marxist philosophy and the typical words and sentences in application can be classified in a list, which is convenient for students to deepen their memory and understanding in sorting out.

6. Skilled. Learn how to use knowledge to train students in time. It is suggested that the training topics should be carefully selected, edited, concise and explained in order to achieve twice the result with half the effort. The review materials on hand should be used selectively and annotated. Simple network download, and even imprecise subjective questions and wrong multiple choice questions will confuse thinking and must be discarded.  

In a word, we can improve the quality and efficiency by following the outline, basing on the classroom, reviewing scientifically and skillfully.  

 

[history] steady and slight changes are more contemporary

- Interpretation of the changes in the explanation of the 2016 college entrance examination history (Jiangsu volume)

Nanjing Ninghai middle school, Chen Hong (senior high school)

"2016 Jiangsu Province senior high school academic level test (elective subjects) explanation history" is stable and slightly changed, which is more epochal. In terms of the guiding ideology of the proposition, it still follows the principle of "conducive to the scientific selection of talents, promoting the healthy development of students, and maintaining social equity". Guided by the high school history curriculum standards and examination syllabus, and based on the examination explanation, the assessment objective of unifying the main knowledge, subject ability and ideological quality of the subject is realized, and the application of history under the guidance of historical materialism is emphasized Knowledge and methods problem solving ability. In terms of examination contents and requirements, the examination objectives and requirements have not changed.

    The changes in the scope of the examination are as follows: in the modern part, the original "historical role of the enlightenment" is now expressed as "the historical role of the enlightenment in the development of humanism"; the former "the position of national capitalism in the development of modern Chinese history" is now changed to "the position of national industry in the process of modern Chinese historical development"; and the former "Roosevelt's New Deal" The role in the formation of capitalist self-regulation mechanism is now expressed as "the historical role of Roosevelt's New Deal". In the modern part, the three subheadings of the original "the evolution of the world political pattern after the Second World War" were integrated into two, and the specific contents of the test site did not change. The main achievement of modern China's scientific and technological development has deleted "synthetic crystalline bovine insulin".

The changes of the selected examination contents are as follows: in the part of "comments on historical figures at home and abroad", Tang Taizong and Cromwell were deleted, and outstanding scientists Li Shizhen and Newton were added, which fully reflected the role and contribution of famous politicians, thinkers and scientists in history to the development of history. St. Peter's Cathedral has been deleted from the section of "world cultural heritage". The example of "Wang Tao's lecturer" is added to the sample part of typical questions. It can be seen that the new examination instructions are more explicit, complete and more contemporary. The new test shows that the ability and accomplishment of history discipline are the key objectives of the measurement. The selection of examination content is based on the module "learning points" of curriculum standards, combined with teaching practice and academic standards to achieve the unity of principle and flexibility.

It is suggested that the senior three students should be familiar with the main knowledge of the subject, and pay attention to the connection of points, lines, areas, multi fields and multi-level. The occurrence of major historical events often has political, economic, social, cultural and other factors, which need to be comprehensively investigated. We should pay attention to the vertical connection of historical development, the horizontal connection of the same historical period, the causal connection of historical development, and the connection between historical phenomena and real life. Second, we should cultivate the ability of subjects. According to the characteristics of the discipline, grasp the discipline learning law, surpass the simple knowledge memory and repetition, and face the "new material" and "new situation", can think independently and solve problems creatively.  

[geography] changes and review suggestions of geography college entrance examination notes in 2016

Lu Qun, No.1 middle school, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Main changes and significance:

1. The most prominent change in the "proposition guiding ideology" is to emphasize "to test the geographical core literacy and key ability of examinees". This is to implement the new requirements of senior high school geography education proposed by the Ministry of education for the goal of "cultivating morality and cultivating the core literacy of the discipline", gradually clarify the degree requirements that students should achieve after completing the geography learning content of high school, and guide teachers to accurately grasp the depth and breadth of teaching, so as to make the examination evaluation more accurately reflect the requirements of talent training.

2. The word and word order of some expressions have been adjusted. The expression is more concise, scientific and standardized, and the requirements are more clear. Some local contents have been added, such as "comprehensive" requirements in the third point of "examination objectives and requirements"; the "influence of regional geographical environment on human production and lifestyle" in "specific examination content requirements" has increased the requirements for "distribution" of cities under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province; and "population growth mode" has added "changes and impacts" of China's population policy ”The "positive significance" is added to "regional industrialization and urbanization", and "urbanization process" of urban and rural planning increases the "role" of cities in different development stages.

3. Some "specific examination content requirements" are clearly limited. For example, in "global climate change and human activities", the impact of global warming on human survival and activities is restricted, and the significance of "China" urbanization is limited in the "urbanization process" of the elective module of urban and rural planning. These restrictions make the requirements more specific, specific, more targeted and less difficult.  

4. "Typical examples" changed greatly, "single choice" changed four questions, "comprehensive questions" changed one question, "selected questions" were all changed. It highlights the further change of proposition from "knowledge conception" to "capability conception".

Review suggestions: "2016 geography college entrance examination notes" overall change is not big, maintaining the stability of the past and moving towards maturity. Therefore, it is very necessary to prepare for the examination according to the geography curriculum standards and examination instructions.  

First, pay attention to the cultivation of geographical core literacy. Geographical core literacy is the most useful geographical knowledge, the most critical geographical ability and the necessary geographical thinking to meet the needs of lifelong development formed in the process of geography learning and solving practical problems. It is the focus of geography college entrance examination, and it must also be the focus of geography college entrance examination preparation.  

1. Map skills: the ability to recognize, draw and use maps is the key to geographic literacy. In preparing for the exam, students should be trained to acquire knowledge of maps with the help of geography learning. They should be able to correctly read maps and obtain, sort out and use information from maps to discover, analyze and solve geographical problems.

2. Spatial perspective: pay attention to the correct perspective on the distribution pattern and spatial relationship of geographical things, geographical effects and geographical processes, and make clear the problems such as "where it is", "when it happened", "how it is in its state", "why it is there" and "how it will evolve".  

3. On the basis of geography, the students can use the principles of geography to analyze and analyze the cause of formation. Especially in the induction of regional environmental characteristics and understanding of regional development issues, we should learn to use regional analysis and comprehensive methods to understand and grasp the interrelation and interaction of various geographical elements, as well as the comprehensive impact on human activities.

4. The concept of man and earth: we should always permeate the consciousness of "respecting nature and harmonious coexistence between man and nature" in teaching, and learn to use the correct "human earth view" to examine human activities.

Second, using geographical perspective to look at hot issues Hot spots are often unavoidable points in the college entrance examination. In preparing for the examination, we should abandon the practice of paying attention to and memorizing specific hot materials. We should learn to use the perspective of geographical observation, understanding of the world and the way of thinking of analyzing and dealing with problems through situational materials, and make correct analysis, judgment and explanation on hot issues and practical problems around them by combining with relevant geographical principles Learn to solve problems and measures.  

Third, pay attention to the main changes of the examination instructions. The changes in the examination instructions every year, especially some key modifications, are the corresponding adjustments made by the examiners from the requirements of the subject examination and the needs of the development of the situation. In preparing for the examination, we should make a correct, accurate and in-depth interpretation of these changes, and appropriately increase the contents and strategies for preparing for the examination.

[physics] lay a solid foundation for the discipline and lay stress on the cultivation of ability

——Interpretation of the changes in the explanation of physical examination in 2016 college entrance examination (Jiangsu volume)

Yao Xiaoqin, Nanjing Foreign Language School

[change analysis] compared with 2015, the college entrance examination in our province shows that, on the whole, there is little change and continuity is maintained. Some adjustments have been made in the content and requirements of the examination and the examples of typical questions

First, the selective examination module is more balanced. In the elective module 3-3, a new knowledge point is added, that is, "62. Saturated steam, unsaturated steam, saturated pressure, relative humidity", which is required to be "I". This adjustment makes the three examination modules contain 13 knowledge points, which further enhances the balance between the selection modules.  

Second, the written expression is more standardized. The original "7. Balance of objects under the action of common forces" in the scope and requirements of the examination is revised to "7. Balance of common forces". The text expression after adjustment is consistent with the curriculum standard, which fully reflects the revision principle of the examination explanation based on the curriculum standard.  

Thirdly, the typical examples are more distinctive. The adjustment of typical examples is relatively strong, only 6 original questions are retained, and 10 of them are replaced by 2015 ones. Most of the new examples are novel in context, highlighting the combination of theory with practice and focusing on ability and intention. As in previous years, this year's sample questions have not been made into a complete sample.

According to the characteristics and changes of this year's exam explanation, this paper puts forward some suggestions for senior three review teaching.  

First, focus on typical examples and study the analysis of test questions. In this year's examination instructions, 10 typical sample questions were selected, which were from 2015. This is an affirmation of the proposition, and also a affirmation of the style of "thick and harmonious, stable and new" in our province's test paper. It shows that the college entrance examination in our province will continue to adhere to the concept of ability and highlight the examination of examinees using what they have learned to solve practical problems. We can carefully read the book "analysis of Jiangsu college entrance examination questions in 2015" published by the provincial examination institute, and understand the connotation of ability conception.

Second, based on the core, strengthen the physical literacy. College entrance examination papers cover more than 80% of the main knowledge. Students should be guided to understand the basic concepts of physics and master the basic laws of physics. We should focus on the cultivation of students' ability to analyze and solve practical problems, including the ability to examine questions. Knowledge learning should run through the cultivation of core literacy. Students should be guided to deeply understand the typical physical thinking methods such as modeling method, equivalent substitution method, analogy method, control variable method, etc.  

Third, attach importance to experimental exploration and highlight scientific practice. The two experimental questions listed in the examination instructions highlight the authenticity and inquiry of the experiment, and prompt us to attach importance to the operation of the experiment and pay attention to the specific details of the experimental process in the review process. Therefore, experimental review should really take students to do experiments, master skills, understand thinking and learn to explore in the process of experiment.

Fourth, create teaching situation and practice learning for application. The selection, use and presentation of sample questions are very careful and perfect. This suggests that we should pay attention to the creation of novel and real situations in review teaching, guide students to pay attention to physical phenomena in life, and enhance students' ability of knowledge transfer in new situations. Teaching should be able to stimulate students' curiosity about real and interesting physical phenomena, cultivate the habit of loving life, emphasizing practice and thinking frequently, and prevent and overcome the mechanical way of rote learning and mechanically copying.

Fifthly, pay attention to the content change and grasp the review guidance. Generally speaking, there is a certain degree of change in the content of the test. Although the 62nd knowledge point added this year is a "I" level requirement, it is closely related to common thermal phenomena and should be paid enough attention in the review.  

[chemistry] from stability, fine tuning and high efficiency in selection

——Interpretation of the changes in the explanation of chemistry examination in 2016 college entrance examination (Jiangsu volume)

Jing Zhijun, Nanjing No.3 senior high school

I. main changes and significance: Jiangsu Province 2016 college entrance examination shows that the overall stability (Chemistry) and local fine adjustment. There are some changes in the guiding ideology of proposition. The principle of proposition is put into the first paragraph, and then it is expounded from three aspects: proposition concept, proposition content and proposition characteristics. After integration, the writing context is more clear, which is conducive to the understanding and grasp of front-line teachers. The content and requirements of the examination have been fine tuned in 10 aspects, which make the requirements more clear, the text more refined, the text more standardized and the examples more typical. Among them, three changes are worth the attention of front-line teachers in the preparation and review.  

1. P30, the adjustment of the expression of "comprehensive application" in the level of skill requirements indicates that in the future, more attention will be paid to the examination of students' application of chemical knowledge in real problem situations, and to distinguish the level of students' disciplinary ability in solving practical problems.  

2. P31, basic concepts and theories of Chemistry (8) replace "understanding mole (mol)" with "understanding the amount of matter". It can not be simply understood that there is no requirement for mole (mol), "understanding the amount of substance" naturally includes the understanding of its unit "mole (mol)".  

3. P36, in the example of typical questions, question 3 of 2015 college entrance examination paper is replaced by question 6 of 2014 college entrance examination paper (around Na calculation and judgment), which indicates that the examination method of "calculation and judgment around Na" may be adjusted

2. Review suggestions in view of the stability of the chemistry proposition and the characteristics of grade evaluation in Jiangsu college entrance examination, based on the purpose of reducing the burden of preparation and improving the efficiency of review, the following four suggestions are put forward.

1. Make clear the objectives according to the learning situation and the students' foundation, and formulate the preparation strategies. In order to achieve the goal of a, it is necessary to comprehensively consolidate the necessary knowledge without leaving knowledge blind spots, comprehensively improve students' ability and leave no dead corner of ability; in order to achieve the goal of B, it is necessary to sort out the knowledge according to the key points of the test, not to cover all aspects, and to strengthen the training for test hot spots, without scoring.

2. According to the knowledge reduction of test points, on the basis of "reading the test instructions", "analyzing the real test points" and "layered positioning target", we should reasonably reduce the knowledge points, reduce the capacity of information storage and reduce the interference of information extraction. Under the principle of "highlighting logical connection", "highlighting transformation relationship", "highlighting induction and comparison" and "strengthening method guidance", the knowledge points are highly integrated through the forms of "picture", "network", "table" and "case", so as to improve the effect of knowledge internalization and expand the space for ability improvement.  

3. According to the optimization strategy of question types, the review topics are divided according to the question types, and the review contents are integrated. It focuses on the necessary knowledge, constructs problem-solving model, improves the thinking level, and standardizes the expression requirements through "sorting out the examination hot spots", "consolidating the necessary foundation", "constructing the thinking model", "analyzing the real test questions", "simulation variant training" and "typical error attribution".

Abandon the current test questions, reduce the test questions, and strengthen the training basis. The first round of review reorganizes the hot material in the college entrance examination real question to carry on the training, the second round review carries on the simulation training according to the question type. We should strive for knowledge training not exceeding the "Outline" and ability training not exceeding the "standard".  

Pay attention to the changes of exam instructions and clarify the review and preparation ideas

——Interpretation of the changes of biological examination instructions in 2016 college entrance examination (Jiangsu volume)

Wu Hongman, high school affiliated to Yangzhou University

       2 In the explanation of the academic test (optional subject) of Jiangsu senior high school in 2016, five important adjustments were made to the grade requirements of the examination content, and six examples were updated in the typical examples. In response to these important changes, the examinees should first study the "test instructions" comprehensively and deeply, clarify the test contents and requirements, and in the process of experiencing and answering typical questions, understand the guiding ideology of the college entrance examination proposition, and feel the style of the biological subject college entrance examination questions, so as to determine the scientific and efficient review and preparation strategy.

1. The meaning of "unchanging" and "changing" in "examination instructions". Compared with previous years, this year's "examination instructions" is "stable with changes", and has maintained stability in four major aspects.

First of all, the guiding ideology of the proposition remains unchanged, which is highly consistent with the current curriculum standards, which is conducive to promoting the reform of senior high school biology curriculum;

Secondly, the specific meaning of the examination level remains unchanged, so that the examinees have a clear understanding of the examination requirements of each knowledge and various abilities, and can distinguish between the superior and the inferior;

Third, the examination form and structure remain unchanged. The rationality of the form and structure of the test paper has been tested in the college entrance examination in 2014 and 2015, and continues to be used. Among them, the reasonable setting of the weight of each part of the content and the difficulty of the test questions ensures the good reliability and validity of the test paper;

Fourth, the type and quantity of the typical examples are unchanged, which shows the examinees the test questions and analysis in different situations, different questioning styles and different difficulty levels, which provides examples for examinees to examine, analyze and answer questions.  

One of the significant changes in the "examination instructions" is the rise and fall of the level requirements of five knowledge contents. Among them, "photosynthesis and its understanding process" has been reduced from C to B, and "monitoring and prevention of human genetic diseases", "structure of ecosystem", "separation and Cultivation of microorganisms" and "principles and techniques of genetic engineering" have been upgraded from a to B. It is not difficult to see that this year's grade requirements are generally increased. The examination questions will pay more attention to the understanding and application of basic knowledge, pay more attention to the integration of theory with practice, and pay more attention to the development and application of science and technology.  

The second significant change in "examination instructions" is the updating of typical examples, including 2 multiple-choice questions, 2 multiple-choice questions and 2 non-choice questions. It is found that the difficulty of "experiment" is changed from "1:3" to "3:4" in the textbook. Such adjustment may be an important information for examinees, and the future proposition may pay more attention to the examination of students' ability to analyze and solve practical problems.  

Second, the Enlightenment of "change" and "unchangeable" in the "examination instructions" is a further explanation and supplement to the "unchangeable" proposition idea, style, characteristics and requirements. The purpose is to inspire and guide candidates to understand the requirements of the college entrance examination and effectively prepare for the examination.  

It is suggested that the examination sites should be sorted out first, and the review of the main knowledge and core concepts should be highlighted. Special attention should be paid to the understanding and application of basic concepts, and the coverage should be properly considered to build a complete knowledge network;

Second, we should use the teaching materials flexibly to analyze and summarize the basic concepts, graphs, tables, graphs, coordinate curves, history of science, reaction forms and expressions, health-related problems, special experimental methods and research methods, so as to ensure a solid foundation and get enough basic points;

    Third, attach great importance to experiment, understand the purpose and principle of experiment, attach importance to the design of experimental scheme, be familiar with experimental materials, methods, steps and data processing technology in hands-on experiments, learn to analyze experimental results, pay special attention to the training of basic experimental skills, attach importance to the application of basic principles of experimental design and biological discipline ideas, and improve the ability of experimental design and problem analysis;

The fourth is to attach importance to the combination of theory and practice, and pay attention to the application of biological principles in production, life and scientific research. For students with good foundation, they should pay special attention to the comprehensive application of various biological principles and knowledge. Through such effective preparation, we can meet the challenge of college entrance examination.


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